Introduction Of TOWN PLANNING
City planning of Chandigarh in हिंदी के लिए यंहा Click करें.
- Town Planning is a state function.
- It involves in both the planning, the control of construction, population growth & the development of towns and cities or other urban areas.
- It is the design and planning of buildings (residential, commercial, educational, roads, linkages, parks, transportations, etc.) to make towns & cities attractive & convenient for the public.
- In very simple words, Town planning provides:
- Improvement of quality life.
- Well, balanced & social-economic development.
- Rational use of land.
- Responsible administration of resources and environment protection.
It is an art of creating and guiding the physical growth of the town or city developing infrastructure and environments to meet the various needs of the public such as social, economic, cultural, recreational, etc. to provide a healthy condition for the public to live, to work and to relax.
- Create and promote healthy conditions and environment for the public.
- Make the right use of land for the right purpose of zoning.
- Ensure orderly development.
- Avoid intrusion of one area over the other.
- Build social, economic and recreational areas such as open spaces, parks, gardens, playgrounds, etc.
- Preserve the individuality of the town.
- Preserve the aesthetic in the design of all elements of a town or a city plan.
PRINCIPLES OF TOWN PLANNING
The basic intension of town planning is to satisfy the basic needs of our future generations and to prevent the disorganized growth of the town or a city. Some of the principles of town planning are:
- Housing Complex
- Public Buildings
- Green Belt
- Recreational Centers
- Road System
- Public amenities and utilities
What is PLANNED CITY?
- A city which is suitable for living with proper infrastructure, environment, development of roads, proper use of land, connectivity, socio-economic developments with future development policy or planning of particular land or area.
- Planning is based on major components or planning itself work on these components are:
Two Major Planned City in India
City planning of Chandigarh
Chandigarh was the city planned after Independence from the British rule in 1947. Chandigarh is the capital city of states of Punjab and Haryana. Firstly, the two American architects Albert Mayer and Mathew Novicki have planned the city, but after the death of Mathew Novicki in 1950. After that, Le- Corbusier was appointed for planning Chandigarh city.
Planning Concept for Chandigarh City is:
- The city is planned with the concept of ‘Neighborhood planning‘.
- The planning of the city looks like a ‘fan-shaped‘ plan.
- The city is planned in ‘Grid Iron Pattern‘.
- Chandigarh city is divided into 30 different sectors for different purposes like Residential, Educational, Commercial, etc. and each sector is planned for 5000 to 20000 inhabitants. The size of each sector is 800m x 1200m.
The city is developed in 3 phases:
- The first phase in 1947- 30 Sectors
- The second phase is for accommodating 5 lakh people – 31 to 47 Sectors
- The third phase -From Sector 48 to Sector 56
Philosophies of Le-Corbusier:
Chandigarh city planning is based on the ‘Modular System‘ i.e. the human scale and proportion, where the different areas of the city represent the major parts of the body-
- Brain – Capital Complex (Administrative)
- Heart– City Center (Commercial Area)
- Lungs– Leisure Valley (Green Area)
- Intellect– Educational Area (School, Colleges, etc.)
- Veins– Circulation System (Roads)
- Viscera– Industrial System (Factories, Industries, etc.)
Roads of the City:
City roads are classified into seven categories, known as the ‘V7 system’.
- V1- Inter-state roads (which connecting Chandigarh city to the other cities or towns).
- V2- Major boulevard (Wide streets in a Town or Major Road)
- V3- Sectors Definers (Roads which defines each Sector)
- V4- Shopping streets with Residential Units The concept of shopping streets in Chandigarh is all the shops are on the Ground Floor and the residential on First Floor. This is because shops can be protected from sunlight and rain. It provides an easy accessibility covered pathway for the people.
- V5- Sectors internal circulation roads
- V6- Internal Streets roads in Sectors
- V7- Footpaths or Pedestrian Paths and Cycle Tracks
City planning of GANDHI NAGAR, GUJARAT
- Planned in – 1965 to 1970
- Planning style – ‘Grid Iron Pattern’.
- The city was planned by the two Indian town planners Prakash M. Apte and H. K. Mewada.
- The development of the city is based on ‘Central theme’.
- The concept of city planning is to establish and maintain a separate identity for Gandhinagar in Ahmedabad.
- Gandhinagar is a highly structured city. Also, it has a grid pattern streets along the river which follows the natural feature of the city.
- The development of the city provides a balanced and healthy community for people. As well as, they also developed social and economic growth for society.
- Gandhinagar is developed along the banks of the Sabarmati river. The site is gently sloping from North-east to South-west. The fine landscape lies along the west bank of the Saraswati river, which gives the city a majestic appearance.
- Most of the ideas and strategies are visible in the master plan of Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar which have been adopted in formulating the land acquisition, distribution and the bye-laws.
The major activity pattern of the city is:
- Industrial Area
- Residential Area
- Public Amenities and Institutional Area
- Commercial Area
- Green Area or Green Belt
- Sports Area
Chandigarh city planning pdf Download
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